Laboratory Findings in Various Platelet and Coagulation Disorders

A peripheral-blood smear is a vital investigation tool in most cases to confirm a low platelet count and the presence or absence of other diagnostic features, such as red-cell fragmentation, platelet morphologic abnormalities, or evidence of dysplasia or hematinic deficiency.
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Definitions for the Terms Bacteremia, Sepsis, Severe Sepsis, Septic Shock, and Other Related Disorders

A 1992 American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine consensus panel defined the following terms which are relevant to the discussion of septic shock:

Infection: Infection is a microbial phenomenon characterized by an inflammatory response to the presence of microorganisms or the invasion of normally sterile host tissue by those organisms.

Bacteremia: Bacteremia refers to the presence of viable bacteria in the blood.

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a widespread inflammatory response to a variety of severe clinical insults. This syndrome is clinically recognized by the presence of two or more of the following:

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ROME II Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Disorders of the Biliary Tract and the Pancreas

The diagnosis of a Functional Disorder of the Biliary Tract and Pancreas always pre-sumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.

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ROME II Diagnostic Criteria for Childhood Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders

The diagnosis of a Childhood Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder always presumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.

G1.Vomiting

G1a. Infant Regurgitation Continue reading

ROME II Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Disorders of the Biliary Tract and the Pancreas

The diagnosis of a Functional Disorder of the Biliary Tract and Pancreas always presumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.

E1. Gallbladder Dysfunction

Episodes of severe steady pain located in the epigastrium and right upper quadrant, and all of the following:

  1. Symptom episodes last 30 minutes or more, with pain-free intervals;
  2. Symptoms have occurred on one or more occasions in the previous 12 months;
  3. The pain is steady and interrupts daily activities or requires consultation with a physician;
  4. There is no evidence of structural abnormalities to explain the symptoms; and
  5. There is abnormal gallbladder functioning with regard to emptying. Continue reading

ROME II Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Disorders of the Anus and Rectum

The diagnosis of a Functional Disorder of the Anus and Rectum always presumes the absence of a structural or biochemical explanation for the symptoms.

F1. Functional Fecal Incontinence

Recurrent uncontrolled passage of fecal material for at least one month, in an individual with a developmental age of at least 4 years, associated with:

  1. Fecal impaction; or
  2. Diarrhea; or
  3. Nonstructural anal sphincter dysfunction.

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