The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) Version 2.1a or Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire

Section 1: Pain Intensity

  • I have no pain at the moment. [0 points]
  • The pain is very mild at the moment. [1 point]
  • The pain is moderate at the moment. [2 points]
  • The pain is fairly severe at the moment. [3 points]
  • The pain is very severe at the moment. [4 points]
  • The pain is the worst imaginable at the moment. [5 points]

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Kurtzke's Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS)

The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), an accepted method of quantifying disability in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) consists of an eight-function system scale monitoring motor, sensory, cerebellar, brain stem, visual, bowel and bladder, pyramidal and other functions.
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