Criteria for Health Care–Associated Pneumonia

Health care-associated pneumonia has been categorized as a discrete entity, with the goal of identifying patients with pneumonia that develops outside the hospital yet is caused by pathogens usually associated with hospital-acquired pneumonia or even ventilator-associated pneumonia, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative pathogens.
Continue reading

Syndromes or Disease Entities That Have Been Associated with Polycystic Ovaries

A- Hyperandrogenism

o Steroidogenic enzyme deficiencies

§ Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

§ Aromatase deficiency

o Androgen-secreting tumors

§ Ovarian

§ Adrenal

o Exogenous androgens

§ Anabolic steroids

§ Transsexual hormone replacement

o Other

§ Acne

§ Idiopathic hirsutism

Continue reading

Diagnostic Criteria and Associated Features of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

Restless legs syndrome (RLS), also called Willis-Ekbom Disease, causes unpleasant or uncomfortable sensations in the legs and an irresistible urge to move them.
Continue reading

Clinical Conditions Associated with Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)

Clinical Conditions Associated with Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)

1. Sepsis/severe infection (any microorganism)

2. Trauma (e.g., polytrauma, neurotrauma, fat embolism)

3. Organ destruction (e.g., severe pancreatitis)

Continue reading